1. Naik, Prasanna, M. M. A. Faridi, Prerna Batra, and S. V. Madhu. “Oral Supplementation of Parturient Mothers with Vitamin D and Its Effect on 25OHD Status of Exclusively Breastfed Infants at 6 Months of Age: A Double-Blind Randomized Placebo Controlled Trial.” Breastfeeding Medicine 12, no. 10 (2017): 621-628. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/vitamin-d-supplements-while-breastfeeding/
  2. Williams, Anne M., Caroline J. Chantry, Sera L. Young, Beryl S. Achando, Lindsay H. Allen, Benjamin F. Arnold, John M. Colford Jr et al. “Vitamin B-12 Concentrations in Breast Milk Are Low and Are Not Associated with Reported Household Hunger, Recent Animal-Source Food, or Vitamin B-12 Intake in Women in Rural Kenya–4.” The Journal of nutrition 146, no. 5 (2016): 1125-1131. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/should-i-take-omega-3-supplements-during-breastfeeding/
  3. Mazurier, Evelyne, Virginie Rigourd, Paul Perez, Rachel Buffin, Leslie Couedelo, Carole Vaysse, Wafae Belcadi et al. “Effects of Maternal Supplementation with Omega-3 Precursors on Human Milk Composition.” Journal of Human Lactation 33, no. 2 (2017): 319–328. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/should-i-take-omega-3-supplements-during-breastfeeding/
  4. Lignell, Sanna, Anna Winkvist, Fredrik Bertz, Kathleen M. Rasmussen, Anders Glynn, Marie Aune, and Hilde Kristin Brekke. “Environmental organic pollutants in human milk before and after weight loss.” Chemosphere 159 (2016): 96-102. Read the Summary here http://parentingscience.today/beware-massive-loss-of-maternal-weight-may-affect-breastfeeding/
  5. Lauritzen, Lotte, S. E. Eriksen, Mads Fiil Hjorth, Maria Søgaard Nielsen, Sjurdur F. Olsen, K. D. Stark, Kim F. Michaelsen, and Camilla Trab Damsgaard. “Maternal fish oil supplementation during lactation is associated with reduced height at 13 years of age and higher blood pressure in boys only.” British Journal of Nutrition 116, no. 12 (2016): 2082-2090. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/do-you-consume-fish-oil-during-breastfeeding-beware/
  6. Metcalfe, J. R., J. A. Marsh, N. D’vaz, D. T. Geddes, C. T. Lai, S. L. Prescott, and D. J. Palmer. “Effects of Maternal Dietary Egg Intake during Early Lactation on Human Milk Ovalbumin Concentration: A Randomized Controlled Trial.” Clinical & Experimental Allergy 46, no. 12 (2016): 1605–1613. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/dont-be-afraid-of-eating-eggs-during-breastfeeding/
  7. Girard, Amy Webb, Frederick Grant, Michelle Watkinson, Haile Selassie Okuku, Rose Wanjala, Donald Cole, Carol Levin, and Jan Low. “Promotion of Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato Increased Vitamin A Intakes and Reduced the Odds of Low Retinol-Binding Protein among Postpartum Kenyan Women–3.” The Journal of nutrition 147, no. 5 (2017): 955-963. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/does-orange-fleshed-sweet-potato-increase-vitamin-a/
  8. Hambidge, K. Michael, Leland V. Miller, Manolo Mazariegos, Jamie Westcott, Noel W. Solomons, Victor Raboy, Jennifer F. Kemp et al. “Upregulation of Zinc Absorption Matches Increases in Physiologic Requirements for Zinc in Women Consuming High-or Moderate-Phytate Diets during Late Pregnancy and Early Lactation, 2.” The Journal of Nutrition 147, no. 6 (2017): 1079-1085. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/natures-way-of-meeting-its-own-demands/
  9. McManus, Beth M., and Milton Kotelchuck. “The effect of aquatic therapy on functional mobility of infants and toddlers in early intervention.” Pediatric Physical Therapy 19, no. 4 (2007): 275-282. Read the summary here  http://parentingscience.today/swimming-for-toddlers-may-be-more-beneficial-than-you-think/
  10. Mridha, Malay K., Susana L. Matias, Camila M. Chaparro, Rina R. Paul, Sohrab Hussain, Stephen A. Vosti, Kassandra L. Harding et al. “Lipid-based nutrient supplements for pregnant women reduce newborn stunting in a cluster-randomized controlled effectiveness trial in Bangladesh, 2.”The American journal of clinical nutrition 103, no. 1 (2015): 236-249. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/the-effects-of-lipid-based-nutrients-supplements-in-reducing-maternal-and-newborn-malnutrition/
  11. Susana L Matias, Malay K Mridha, Rina R Paul, Sohrab Hussain, Stephen A Vosti, Charles D Arnold, Kathryn G Dewey; Prenatal Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements Affect Maternal Anthropometric Indicators Only in Certain Subgroups of Rural Bangladeshi Women, The Journal of Nutrition, Volume 146, Issue 9, 1 September 2016, Pages 1775–1782. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/does-home-fortification-of-nutrients-improve-brain-development/
  12. Gupta, Hema, Dheeraj Shah, Piyush Gupta, and K. K. Sharma. “Role of paracetamol in treatment of childhood fever: a double-blind randomized placebo controlled trial.” Indian pediatrics 44, no. 12 (2007): 903. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/should-i-lower-my-childs-fever-using-paracetamol/
  13. R., Biswas, A., & Meena, A. (2007) Vitamin K1 versus vitamin K3 for prevention of subclinical vitamin deficiency: a randomized controlled trial. Indian Pediatrics, 44(11), 817–22. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/vitamin-k1-or-vitamin-k3-which-one-is-better-for-my-child/
  14. Van Agt, H.M., Van Der Stege, H.A., de Ridder-Sluiter, H., Verhoeven, L.T. and De Koning, H.J., 2007. A cluster-randomized trial of screening for language delay in toddlers: Effects on school performance and language development at age 8. Pediatrics, 120(6), pp.1317-1325. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/language-delay-in-toddlers-can-we-detect-it-early/
  15. Grote, Veit, Elvira Verduci, Silvia Scaglioni, Fiammetta Vecchi, G. Contarini, Marcello Giovannini, Berthold Koletzko, and Carlo Agostoni. “Breast milk composition and infant nutrient intakes during the first 12 months of life.” European journal of clinical nutrition 70, no. 2 (2016): 250. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/breast-milk-composition-infant-nutrient-intakes/
  16. Vandenplas, Yvan, Elisabeth De Greef, Bruno Hauser, and Paradice Study Group. “Safety and tolerance of a new extensively hydrolyzed rice protein-based formula in the management of infants with cow’s milk protein allergy.” European journal of pediatrics 173, no. 9 (2014): 1209-1216. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/scientists-find-a-solution-of-cows-milk-protein-allergy-in-infants/
  17. Morgan, Colin, Patrick McGowan, Shakeel Herwitker, Anna E. Hart, and Mark A. Turner. “Postnatal head growth in preterm infants: a randomized controlled parenteral nutrition study.” Pediatrics 133, no. 1 (2014): e120-e128. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/is-my-premature-babys-head-normal-sized/
  18. Veereman-Wauters, G., S. Staelens, H. Van de Broek, K. Plaskie, F. Wesling, L. C. Roger, A. L. McCartney, and P. Assam. “Physiological and bifidogenic effects of prebiotic supplements in infant formulae.” Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition 52, no. 6 (2011): 763-771. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/infant-formulas-with-prebiotic-supplements/
  19. Tu, Ngu, Janet C. King, Henri Dirren, Nga Hoang Thu, Quyen Phi Ngoc, and Anh Nguyen Thi Diep. “Effect of animal-source food supplement prior to and during pregnancy on birthweight and prematurity in rural Vietnam: a brief study description.” Food and nutrition bulletin 35, no. 4_suppl3 (2014): S205-S208. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/how-important-is-animal-source-diet-before-and-during-pregnancy/
  20. Radke, Michael, Jean-Charles Picaud, Andrea Loui, Gilles Cambonie, Dirk Faas, Harry N. Lafeber, Nanda de Groot, Sophie S. Pecquet, Philippe G. Steenhout, and Jean-Michel Hascoet. “Starter formula enriched in prebiotics and probiotics ensures normal growth of infants and promotes gut health: a randomized clinical trial.” Pediatric research 81, no. 4 (2017): 622. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/prebiotics-probiotics-ensures-growth-infants-promotes-gut-health/
  21. Bazanella, Monika, Tanja V. Maier, Thomas Clavel, Ilias Lagkouvardos, Marianna Lucio, Maria X. Maldonado-Gòmez, Chloe Autran et al. “Randomized controlled trial on the impact of early-life intervention with bifidobacteria on the healthy infant fecal microbiota and metabolome.” The American journal of clinical nutrition 106, no. 5 (2017): 1274-1286. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/bifidobacteria-what-is-that-is-it-good-for-my-child/
  22. Litmanovitz, Ita, Hedva Erez, Alon Eliakim, Sofia Bauer-Rusek, Shmuel Arnon, Rivka H. Regev, Gisela Sirota, and Dan Nemet. “The effect of assisted exercise frequency on bone strength in very low birth weight preterm infants: a randomized control trial.” Calcified tissue international 99, no. 3 (2016): 237-242. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/preterm-baby-may-need-exercise/
  23. Melo, Larisse Rayanne Miranda de, Heleni Aires Clemente, Dalila Fernandes Bezerra, Raquel Costa Silva Dantas, Héryka Myrna Maia Ramalho, and Roberto Dimenstein. “Effect of maternal supplementation with vitamin E on the concentration of α-tocopherol in colostrum.” Jornal de pediatria 93, no. 1 (2017): 40-46. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/is-maternal-supplementation-with-vitamin-e-good-for-the-breastfed-child/
  24. Oturai G, Kolling T, Hall LR, Knopf M, (2012), The role of object functions for deferred imitation- do infants selectively retain and forget actions? Infant Behavior And Development, 35, pp. 195-204. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/role-object-functions-deferred-imitation-infants/
  25. Williams, Fiona, Jennifer Watson, Simon Ogston, Robert Hume, Peter Willatts, Theo Visser, and Scottish Preterm Thyroid Group. “Mild maternal thyroid dysfunction at delivery of infants born≤ 34 weeks and neurodevelopmental outcome at 5.5 years.” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 97, no. 6 (2012): 1977-1985. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/mild-maternal-thyroid-dysfunction-delivery-infants-born-neurodevelopment/
  26. Eiden, Rina D., Junru Zhao, Meghan Casey, Shannon Shisler, Pamela Schuetze, and Craig R. Colder. “Pre-and postnatal tobacco and cannabis exposure and child behavior problems: bidirectional associations, joint effects, and sex differences.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence 185 (2018): 82-92. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/this-is-what-happens-to-your-baby-if-you-smoke-tobacco-and-weed-before-and-after-pregnancy/
  27. Carruth, Betty Ruth, Paula J. Ziegler, Anne Gordon, and Susan I. Barr. “Prevalence of picky eaters among infants and toddlers and their caregivers’ decisions about offering a new food.” Journal of the American Dietetic Association 104 (2004): 57-64. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/my-child-is-a-picky-eater-what-can-i-do/
  28. Grant, C. C., J. Crane, E. A. Mitchell, J. Sinclair, Alistair Stewart, Tania Milne, J. Knight, Catherine Gilchrist, and C. A. Camargo Jr. “Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy and infancy reduces aeroallergen sensitization: a randomized controlled trial.” Allergy 71, no. 9 (2016): 1325-1334. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/vitamin-d-supplements-help-prevent-some-allergies-and-asthma/
  29. Spann, Marisa N., Catherine Monk, Dustin Scheinost, and Bradley S. Peterson. “Maternal immune activation during the third trimester is associated with neonatal functional connectivity of the salience network and fetal to toddler behavior.” Journal of Neuroscience (2018): 2272-17. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/maternal-immune-activation-offspring-brain-development/
  30. Hoffman, Dennis, Ekhard Ziegler, Susan H. Mitmesser, Cheryl L. Harris, and Deborah A. Diersen‐Schade. “Soy‐based infant formula supplemented with DHA and ARA supports growth and increases circulating levels of these fatty acids in infants.” Lipids 43, no. 1 (2008): 29. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/docosahexaenoic-arachidonic-acid-supplementation-in-infant-formulas/
  31. Leshem, Micah. “Salt preference in adolescence is predicted by common prenatal and infantile mineralofluid loss.” Physiology & behavior 63, no. 4 (1998): 699-704. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/salt-preference-in-adolescence-due-to-prenatal-mineralofluid-loss-is-predicted-by-common-prenatal-and-infantile-mineralofluid-loss/
  32. Lauritzen, Lotte, Marianne H. Jorgensen, Sjúrdur F. Olsen, Ellen Marie Straarup, and Kim F. Michaelsen. “Maternal fish oil supplementation in lactation: effect on developmental outcome in breast-fed infants.” Reproduction Nutrition Development 45, no. 5 (2005): 535-547. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/are-dha-supplements-beneficial-for-mothers-or-a-myth/
  33. Cleves, Mario A., Sadia Malik, Shengping Yang, Tonia C. Carter, and Charlotte A. Hobbs. “Maternal urinary tract infections and selected cardiovascular malformations.” Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology 82, no. 6 (2008): 464-473. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/maternal-urinary-tract-infections-heart-defect-in-babies/
  34. Dissayabutra T, Tosukhowong P, Seksan P. (2005), The benefits of Vitamin C and Vitamin E in Children with β- Thalassemia with High Oxidative Stress, Journal of The Medical Association of Thailand, 88(4), S317-S321. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/vitamin-c-and-e-prevent-thalassemia-complications/
  35. Coleman, Tanner J., Nadia M. Hamad, Janet M. Shaw, Marlene J. Egger, Yvonne Hsu, Robert Hitchcock, Huifeng Jin, Chan K. Choi, and Ingrid E. Nygaard. “Effects of walking speeds and carrying techniques on intra-abdominal pressure in women.” International Urogynecology Journal 26, no. 7 (2015): 967-974. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/a-little-vigilance-goes-a-long-way/
  36. Kelen, Dorottya, Csilla Andorka, Miklós Szabó, Aleksander Alafuzoff, Kai Kaila, and Milla Summanen. “Serum copeptin and neuron specific enolase are markers of neonatal distress and long-term neurodevelopmental outcome.” PloS one 12, no. 9 (2017): e0184593. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/new-way-predict-neurodevelopment-in-infants/
  37. Janmohamed, Amynah, Crystal D. Karakochuk, Somchit Boungnasiri, Gwen E. Chapman, Patricia A. Janssen, Rollin Brant, Timothy J. Green, and Judy McLean. “Prenatal supplementation with Corn Soya Blend Plus reduces the risk of maternal anemia in late gestation and lowers the rate of preterm birth but does not significantly improve maternal weight gain and birth anthropometric measurements in rural Cambodian women: a randomized trial.” The American journal of clinical nutrition 103, no. 2 (2016): 559-566. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/corn-soya-blend-plus-a-nutritional-alternative-during-pregnancy/
  38. Ozdemir, Zeynep Canan, Ahmet Koc, Ali Aycicek, and Abdurrahim Kocyigit. “N-acetylcysteine supplementation reduces oxidative stress and DNA damage in children with β-thalassemia.” Hemoglobin 38, no. 5 (2014): 359-364. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/thalassemia-n-acetylcysteine-supplementation/
  39. Schneider, Nora, Gisella Mutungi, and Javier Cubero. “Diet and nutrients in the modulation of infant sleep: A review of the literature.” Nutritional neuroscience 21, no. 3 (2018): 151-161. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/diet-nutrients-modulate-infant-sleep/
  40. Szyld, Edgardo G., Eduardo M. Warley, Laura Freimanis, René Gonin, Pedro E. Cahn, Guilherme A. Calvet, Geraldo Duarte, Victor H. Melo, Jennifer S. Read, and NISDI Perinatal Study Group. “Maternal antiretroviral drugs during pregnancy and infant low birth weight and preterm birth.” Aids 20, no. 18 (2006): 2345-2353. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/pregnancy-hiv-infected-women-antiretroviral-drugs-infants-preterm-birth/
  41. Kinnunen, Tarja I., Riitta Luoto, Annika Helin, and Elina Hemminki. “Supplemental iron intake and the risk of glucose intolerance in pregnancy: re‐analysis of a randomised controlled trial in F inland.” Maternal & child nutrition 12, no. 1 (2016): 74-84. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/may-supplemental-iron-intake-during-pregnancy-lead-to-gestational-diabetes/
  42. Watterberg, Kristi L., Michele L. Shaffer, Mary J. Mishefske, Corinne L. Leach, Mark C. Mammel, Robert J. Couser, Soraya Abbasi et al. “Growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes after early low-dose hydrocortisone treatment in extremely low birth weight infants.” Pediatrics 120, no. 1 (2007): 40-48. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/early-dose-of-hydrocortisone-may-help-premature-baby/
  43. Browne, Marilyn L., Erin M. Bell, Charlotte M. Druschel, Lenore J. Gensburg, Allen A. Mitchell, Angela E. Lin, Paul A. Romitti, and Adolfo Correa. “Maternal caffeine consumption and risk of cardiovascular malformations.” Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology 79, no. 7 (2007): 533-543. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/maternal-caffeine-consumption-cardiovascular-risk/
  44. Zagré, Noël M., Gwénola Desplats, Pierre Adou, Aïssa Mamadoultaibou, and Victor M. Aguayo. “Prenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation has greater impact on birthweight than supplementation with iron and folic acid: a cluster-randomized, double-blind, controlled programmatic study in rural Niger.” Food and nutrition bulletin 28, no. 3 (2007): 317-327. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-or-just-iron-and-folic-acid/
  45. Aaltonen, Jonna, Tiina Ojala, Kirsi Laitinen, Tarja Johanna Piirainen, Tuija Annika Poussa, and Erika Isolauri. “Evidence of infant blood pressure programming by maternal nutrition during pregnancy: a prospective randomized controlled intervention study.” The Journal of pediatrics 152, no. 1 (2008): 79-84. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/can-my-diet-harm-my-unborn-baby/
  46. Baecher, Laura, and William Grobman. “Prenatal antibiotic treatment does not decrease group B streptococcus colonization at delivery.” International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 101, no. 2 (2008): 125-128. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/is-it-useful-to-take-prenatal-antibiotics-for-group-b-strep/
  47. Zhou, Shao J., Robert A. Gibson, Caroline A. Crowther, Peter Baghurst, and Maria Makrides. “Effect of iron supplementation during pregnancy on the intelligence quotient and behavior of children at 4 y of age: long-term follow-up of a randomized controlled trial–.” The American journal of clinical nutrition 83, no. 5 (2006): 1112-1117. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/will-my-child-be-smarter-if-i-take-iron-supplements-during-pregnancy/
  48. Arslanoglu, Sertac, Guido E. Moro, and Gunther Boehm. “Early supplementation of prebiotic oligosaccharides protects formula-fed infants against infections during the first 6 months of life.” The Journal of nutrition 137, no. 11 (2007): 2420-2424. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/is-prebiotic-supplementation-good-for-my-child/
  49. Castral, Thaila C., Fay Warnock, Adriana M. Leite, Vanderlei J. Haas, and Carmen GS Scochi. “The effects of skin-to-skin contact during acute pain in preterm newborns.” European Journal of Pain 12, no. 4 (2008): 464-471. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/skin-to-skin-contact-may-help-preterm-babies-in-pain/
  50. Kramer, Michael S., Lidia Matush, Irina Vanilovich, Robert Platt, Natalia Bogdanovich, Zinaida Sevkovskaya, Irina Dzikovich, Gyorgy Shishko, and Bruce Mazer. “Effect of prolonged and exclusive breast feeding on risk of allergy and asthma: cluster randomised trial.” Bmj 335, no. 7624 (2007): 815. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/prolonged-breastfeeding-might-help-preventing-asthma-and-allergies/
  51. Erlandsson, Kerstin, Ann Dsilna, Ingegerd Fagerberg, and Kyllike Christensson. “Skin‐to‐skin care with the father after cesarean birth and its effect on newborn crying and prefeeding behavior.” Birth 34, no. 2 (2007): 105-114. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/skin-to-skin-contact-father-positive-effects-baby/
  52. Lang, N., R. Bromiker, and I. Arad. “The effect of wool vs. cotton head covering and length of stay with the mother following delivery on infant temperature.” International journal of nursing studies 41, no. 8 (2004): 843-846. Read the summary here  http://parentingscience.today/hats-cotton-or-wool-affect-infants-body-temperature/
  53. Singhal, Atul, Tim J. Cole, Mary Fewtrell, Kathy Kennedy, Terence Stephenson, Alun Elias-Jones, and Alan Lucas. “Promotion of faster weight gain in infants born small for gestational age: is there an adverse effect on later blood pressure?.” Circulation 115, no. 2 (2007): 213-220. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/fast-weight-gaining-have-negative-consequences-on-baby/
  54. Søvik, Signe, Kristin Lossius, Morten Eriksen, Jens Grøgaard, and Lars Walløe. “Development of oxygen sensitivity in infants of smoking and non-smoking mothers.” Early human development 56, no. 2-3 (1999): 217-232. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/what-can-happen-to-my-baby-if-i-smoke-during-pregnancy/
  55. Niggemann, B., A. Von Berg, C. Bollrath, D. Berdel, U. Schauer, C. Rieger, E. Haschke‐Becher, and U. Wahn. “Safety and efficacy of a new extensively hydrolyzed formula for infants with cow’s milk protein allergy.” Pediatric Allergy and Immunology 19, no. 4 (2008): 348-354. Read the summary here http://parentingscience.today/hydrolyzed-formula-infants-cow-milk-protein-allergy/