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Summary of Scientific Studies - page 3

There can be a lot of scientific studies on a given topic and subject, each unique in its own way, with distinct findings. Same is the case of studies done on effective parenting and dealing with a vast number of pediatric issues, which can be really helpful for parents with panache for scientific knowledge and way of doing things. However, busy parents often find it hard to go through this kind of scientific knowledge because of lack of time and energy and patience. Therefore, a precise and concise summary of lots of relevant and recent scientific studies of merit in the form of a single article or several articles can be very helpful for busy parents seeking scientific parenting advice. This kind of a summary combines a diverse viewpoint in a cohesive form and can help the parents understand all the dimensions and possibilities, the pros and cons related to a particular parenting issue or problem.

Why Children Like Salty Foods Salt Preference in Adolescence Is Predicted by Common Prenatal and Infantile Mineralofluid Loss

in Research Findings
Salt Preference in Adolescence Is Predicted by Common Prenatal and Infantile Mineralofluid Loss.

Salt intake has been widely studied in animals. It is not known if similar mechanisms could occur in humans, but in animals, long-term increases in salt preference are caused by sodium depletion, pregnancy, and lactation. Increased salt preference in animals also occurs after perinatal loss of minerals and fluids. Animal studies have shown that there…

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Maternal Immune Activation and a Baby’s Brain Development Maternal Immune Activation during the Third Trimester Is Associated with Neonatal Functional Connectivity of the Salience Network and Fetal to Toddler Behavior

in Maternity/Research Findings

In the third trimester of pregnancy, the baby’s brain architecture and neural circuits rapidly mature. During this crucial period, the baby’s brain is highly vulnerable to many factors, such as the activation of the mother’s immune system. Maternal immune activation (MIA) releases several chemical substances, some of which affect the baby’s developing brain. When Is…

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Vitamin D Supplements Help Prevent Some Allergies and Asthma Vitamin D Supplementation during Pregnancy and Infancy Reduces Aeroallergen Sensitization: A Randomized Controlled Trial

in Research Findings
Vitamin D Supplements Help Prevent Some Allergies and Asthma
Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy and infancy prevents mites’ sensitization

Many cells of the human immune system have receptors for vitamin D on their surface. This characteristic suggests that vitamin D plays an important role in the body’s defensive processes as well as in the development of atopies, which are exaggerated immune responses (i.e., allergic reactions) to normal stimuli or elements. Atopic children have high…

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What to Do If Your Child Is a Picky Eater Prevalence of Picky Eaters among Infants and Toddlers and Their Caregivers’ Decisions about Offering a New Food.

in Healthy Diet/Research Findings
Prevalence of Picky Eaters among Infants and Toddlers and Their Caregivers’ Decisions about Offering a New Food.

Feeding a child can be a worrisome and difficult task. Although there are well-established feeding protocols that can be easily found on the Internet, the application of these protocols is not easy. When children begin to express dislike for certain foods, parents often avoid these foods so that they do not have to deal with…

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The Effect of Smoking Tobacco and Weed Before and After Pregnancy Pre- and Postnatal Tobacco and Cannabis Exposure and Child Behavior Problems: Bidirectional Associations, Joint Effects, and Sex Differences.

in Maternity/Research Findings
Higher numbers of cigarettes per day during pregnancy are associated with higher anxiety, depression and attention problems at 3 years of child age.
Higher numbers of cigarettes per day during pregnancy are associated with higher anxiety, depression and attention problems at 3 years of child age.

Tobacco continues to be one of the most used drugs during pregnancy, and it is not unusual for it to be combined with cannabis to enhance its effects. In fact, some studies report that up to 10 percent of pregnant women routinely use cannabis. Fetuses receive the toxic substances through the placental blood flow during…

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How Children Learn by Imitation and Example The Role of Object Functions for Deferred Imitation—Do Infants Selectively Retain and Forget Actions?

in Research Findings
The Role of Object Functions for Deferred Imitation- Do Infants Selectively Retain and Forget Actions?
The Role of Object Functions for Deferred Imitation- Do Infants Selectively Retain and Forget Actions

Imitation—the act of observing and copying the actions of others—is the most important mechanism of learning for infants, toddlers, and young children. Several studies have analyzed different patterns by which children imitate actions. One study showed that children not only imitate actions immediately after observing them, but they also reproduce an action or sequence of…

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Is Maternal Vitamin E Supplementation Good for Breastfed Children? Effect of Maternal Supplementation with Vitamin E on the Concentration of α-tocopherol in Colostrums.

in Maternity/Research Findings
Maternal Supplementation with Vitamin E

Vitamin E is considered one of the best antioxidants due to its protective effect against oxidative processes that produce free radicals. Free radicals are atoms or molecules that can cause cell damage that leads to aging, cancer, and disease. Vitamin E protects against free radicals by either deactivating them directly or preventing them from attacking the…

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The Effect of Exercise on Preterm Babies The Effect of Assisted Exercise Frequency on Bone Strength in Very Low Birth Weight Preterm Infants: A Randomized Control Trial

in Research Findings
Parenting Research Summaries

Very low birth weight infants have a higher risk for osteopenia (i.e., thin and weak bones). Most preventive therapies focus on nutritional changes, which, unfortunately, have not yielded the best results. However, some recent studies have shown that controlled physical activity strengthens babies’ bones. Specifically, passive, motion-assisted exercises improved bone mineralization and strength. All of…

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